Let us create a 3D eBook for you!
Let us create a 3d Digital eBook for you! DigyCat.com

Where Does Your Drinking Water Come From?


Have you ever thought about where your drinking water comes from? Most of us never give this question a thought. Yet, the sources of our water tell us a lot about its quality.

The Importance of Water Sources

Very early in the development of civilizations, people recognized the importance of finding reliable water sources. A clean, constant supply of safe drinking water is essential for every community. Consequently, the earliest civilizations developed near sources of clean water.

As time passed, people began to migrate and settle in areas many miles from a reliable water source. So they developed delivery systems that drew water from those distant sources. The Roman aqueducts are an excellent example of such a delivery system.

Today, people in large cities frequently depend on surface water sources, such as lakes, rivers, and reservoirs, for their drinking water. Sometimes these sources are close to the community. At other times, water suppliers get their water from sources many miles away.

In either case, when you think about the source of your drinking water, it's important to consider the entire watershed in which the source is located. The watershed is the land area over which water flows into the river, lake, or reservoir.

In rural areas, people are more likely to drink ground water pumped from a well. These wells tap into aquifers or natural reservoirs under the earth's surface. These aquifers may be only a few miles wide, or may span the borders of many states. As with surface water, remember that activities many miles away from you may affect the quality of ground water.

Both public and private water supplies can be drawn from a variety of sources. Different sources of raw water demand different treatment methods to render it fit for human consumption.

Deep Groundwater Sources

The water emerging from some deep groundwater sources may have fallen as rain many decades or even hundreds of years ago. Soil and rock layers will naturally filter the groundwater to a high degree of clarity. Deep groundwater may emerge as springs. In places where the water does not emerge as springs, water suppliers will often bore wells to extract it.

Usually, groundwater has a very high bacteriological quality. Because the water passed through layers of soil and rock, it may also be rich in dissolved solids including carbonates and Sulfates of Calcium and Magnesium.

Depending on the strata through which the water has flowed, other ions may also be present. These could include chloride and bicarbonates. Often, water from deep sources requires special treatment to remove its iron or manganese content to make it pleasant for drinking, cooking, and laundry.

Seepage of surface water recharges these deep groundwater sources. This seepage introduces industrial, chemical, animal and human contaminants into these underground aquifers. As these contaminants merge with natural elements in the water, health threats are introduced and disinfection is required.

Shallow Groundwater Sources

While deep groundwater lays far below ground level, shallow groundwater travels in streams within a few hundred feet of ground level. Access to shallow groundwater is usually through wells or boreholes.

The bacteriological quality of these shallow sources can vary depending on the nature of the underground reservoir. A variety of soluble materials may be present including potentially toxic metals such as copper or zinc. In some places, shallow ground water sources contain unacceptably high levels of Arsenic contamination.

Upland Lakes and Reservoirs

Typically, municipalities place upland reservoirs in the headwaters of river systems, above any human habitation. They often surround them by some form of protection zone to restrict the opportunities for contamination.

Bacterial and pathogen levels are usually low, but some bacteria, protozoa and algae will be present. Where uplands are forested or are peaty, humic acids can give the water a brown color. Many upland sources have low pH which requires adjustment before the water enters the supply.

Rivers, Canals and Low-Land Reservoirs

Lowland surface waters primarily come from rain runoff. As rainwater washes the streets of our cities and filters through landfills and farmlands, it picks up a significant bacterial load. It may also contain algae, suspended solids and a variety of dissolved elements.

Conclusions

All water sources contribute to water contamination. The source of your water determines the kind of contaminants it carries.

While water treatment facilities neutralize most of the contaminants, some escape and end up in your drinking water. Many of these contaminants are harmless and, at most, give the water a bad taste or odor. Other pose potential health threats.

To protect yourself and your family from these potential threats, we recommend the use of a home water filtration system to assure that your drinking water is clean.

Earl Calvert is a freelance writer. His writings include Bible study curriculum materials and articles for national business magazines. As an advocate for clean drinking water, Earl designed his website on drinking water to educate the public water quality issues.


MORE RESOURCES:

Nutrition - Google News

This RSS feed URL is deprecated

This RSS feed URL is deprecated, please update. New URLs can be found in the footers at https://news.google.com/news

Thanksgiving Nutrition Tips: Eat Whatever You Want, but Not That - New York Times


New York Times

Thanksgiving Nutrition Tips: Eat Whatever You Want, but Not That
New York Times
It's Thanksgiving — a time for family, gratitude and historical revision of an indigenous genocide. Unfortunately for many Americans, Thanksgiving has become a time for overeating, followed by weight gain and inevitable self-loathing. But there's an ...

Quinn on Nutrition: Diabetes news - Circleville Herald


BenefitsPro

Quinn on Nutrition: Diabetes news
Circleville Herald
We got the historic news a little over a year ago … FDA's approval of an artificial pancreas for people with type 1 diabetes. These folks must needle-poke their fingers several times a day to determine if their blood sugar is too high or too low and ...
BWMC: Why diabetes is on the rise in young people - Capital Gazette CapitalGazette.com

all 27 news articles »

Enhanced Athlete Defeats Nutrition Distribution's Request for an ... - GlobeNewswire (press release)


Enhanced Athlete Defeats Nutrition Distribution's Request for an ...
GlobeNewswire (press release)
CHEYENNE, Wyo., Nov. 17, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Enhanced Athlete, a Cheyenne, Wyoming-based company focused on fitness and bodybuilding ...

and more »

Bean-to-bar chocolate makers in Delaware balance taste and - WHYY - WHYY


WHYY

Bean-to-bar chocolate makers in Delaware balance taste and - WHYY
WHYY
Mhairi and Stuart Craig are originally from Scotland, but today they call the arts and crafts community of Arden, Delaware home. Mhairi, a registered nurse, had ...

and more »

Scout and Zoe's Launches New Nutritional Treats Carpius Maximus ... - Business Wire (press release)


Business Wire (press release)

Scout and Zoe's Launches New Nutritional Treats Carpius Maximus ...
Business Wire (press release)
Scout & Zoe's launches Carpius Maximus, made of U.S. sourced carp to support local waterways. Treats are high in nutritional value for dogs and ca.

and more »

Nutrition is political and civil society needs to shape those politics ... - HuffPost


HuffPost

Nutrition is political and civil society needs to shape those politics ...
HuffPost
The two major nutrition meetings - the Global Nutrition Summit in Milan and the Scaling Up Nutrition Movement global gathering in Abidjan – held this mon...

and more »

WHO's Africa Nutrition Report highlights an increase in malnutrition in Africa. - World Health Organization


World Health Organization

WHO's Africa Nutrition Report highlights an increase in malnutrition in Africa.
World Health Organization
Abidjan, 16 November, 2017 - A newly released nutrition report by the World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Africa has revealed that undernutrition is still persistent in the region and the number of stunted children has increased. The ...

Nestle reorganizes infant nutrition business - Reuters


Reuters

Nestle reorganizes infant nutrition business
Reuters
LONDON/ZURICH (Reuters) - Nestle (NESN.S), the world's largest packaged food firm, said on Wednesday it would reorganize its infant nutrition business to improve performance, five months after the new CEO listed the category as one of its priorities ...
Nestle restructures infant nutrition business Business Insider
Nestlé reorganizes infant nutrition business, announces changes to ... GlobeNewswire (press release)
Nestle Will Move Infant Nutrition Unit to Regionally Managed Business -- Update Fox Business
Financial Times  - Food Business News
all 20 news articles »

9 Nutritionists Share the Worst Nutrition Advice They've Ever Heard - SELF


SELF

9 Nutritionists Share the Worst Nutrition Advice They've Ever Heard
SELF
There's a lot of really bad nutrition advice out there. I should know—I hear it every day, and so do my dietitian colleagues. Maybe we just notice it more, like someone who's phobic of something will be extra-attuned to the source of their phobia. At ...

LargeFriends.com - the best dating site for plus-sized singles!
SuccessfulMatchCentral.com - the best dating site for plus-sized singles!

PreLaunchX

DietRight.biz Domain Is For Sale - $8,500 For Enquiries eMail Us

© www.DietRight.biz 2012

home | site map | links