Let us create a 3D eBook for you!
Let us create a 3d Digital eBook for you! DigyCat.com

Where Does Your Drinking Water Come From?


Have you ever thought about where your drinking water comes from? Most of us never give this question a thought. Yet, the sources of our water tell us a lot about its quality.

The Importance of Water Sources

Very early in the development of civilizations, people recognized the importance of finding reliable water sources. A clean, constant supply of safe drinking water is essential for every community. Consequently, the earliest civilizations developed near sources of clean water.

As time passed, people began to migrate and settle in areas many miles from a reliable water source. So they developed delivery systems that drew water from those distant sources. The Roman aqueducts are an excellent example of such a delivery system.

Today, people in large cities frequently depend on surface water sources, such as lakes, rivers, and reservoirs, for their drinking water. Sometimes these sources are close to the community. At other times, water suppliers get their water from sources many miles away.

In either case, when you think about the source of your drinking water, it's important to consider the entire watershed in which the source is located. The watershed is the land area over which water flows into the river, lake, or reservoir.

In rural areas, people are more likely to drink ground water pumped from a well. These wells tap into aquifers or natural reservoirs under the earth's surface. These aquifers may be only a few miles wide, or may span the borders of many states. As with surface water, remember that activities many miles away from you may affect the quality of ground water.

Both public and private water supplies can be drawn from a variety of sources. Different sources of raw water demand different treatment methods to render it fit for human consumption.

Deep Groundwater Sources

The water emerging from some deep groundwater sources may have fallen as rain many decades or even hundreds of years ago. Soil and rock layers will naturally filter the groundwater to a high degree of clarity. Deep groundwater may emerge as springs. In places where the water does not emerge as springs, water suppliers will often bore wells to extract it.

Usually, groundwater has a very high bacteriological quality. Because the water passed through layers of soil and rock, it may also be rich in dissolved solids including carbonates and Sulfates of Calcium and Magnesium.

Depending on the strata through which the water has flowed, other ions may also be present. These could include chloride and bicarbonates. Often, water from deep sources requires special treatment to remove its iron or manganese content to make it pleasant for drinking, cooking, and laundry.

Seepage of surface water recharges these deep groundwater sources. This seepage introduces industrial, chemical, animal and human contaminants into these underground aquifers. As these contaminants merge with natural elements in the water, health threats are introduced and disinfection is required.

Shallow Groundwater Sources

While deep groundwater lays far below ground level, shallow groundwater travels in streams within a few hundred feet of ground level. Access to shallow groundwater is usually through wells or boreholes.

The bacteriological quality of these shallow sources can vary depending on the nature of the underground reservoir. A variety of soluble materials may be present including potentially toxic metals such as copper or zinc. In some places, shallow ground water sources contain unacceptably high levels of Arsenic contamination.

Upland Lakes and Reservoirs

Typically, municipalities place upland reservoirs in the headwaters of river systems, above any human habitation. They often surround them by some form of protection zone to restrict the opportunities for contamination.

Bacterial and pathogen levels are usually low, but some bacteria, protozoa and algae will be present. Where uplands are forested or are peaty, humic acids can give the water a brown color. Many upland sources have low pH which requires adjustment before the water enters the supply.

Rivers, Canals and Low-Land Reservoirs

Lowland surface waters primarily come from rain runoff. As rainwater washes the streets of our cities and filters through landfills and farmlands, it picks up a significant bacterial load. It may also contain algae, suspended solids and a variety of dissolved elements.

Conclusions

All water sources contribute to water contamination. The source of your water determines the kind of contaminants it carries.

While water treatment facilities neutralize most of the contaminants, some escape and end up in your drinking water. Many of these contaminants are harmless and, at most, give the water a bad taste or odor. Other pose potential health threats.

To protect yourself and your family from these potential threats, we recommend the use of a home water filtration system to assure that your drinking water is clean.

Earl Calvert is a freelance writer. His writings include Bible study curriculum materials and articles for national business magazines. As an advocate for clean drinking water, Earl designed his website on drinking water to educate the public water quality issues.


MORE RESOURCES:

Nutrition - Google News

This RSS feed URL is deprecated

This RSS feed URL is deprecated, please update. New URLs can be found in the footers at https://news.google.com/news

Nutrition Training for People with Disabilities and Their Families Set for Jan. 25 - Southern Miss Now


Nutrition Training for People with Disabilities and Their Families Set for Jan. 25
Southern Miss Now
The University of Southern Mississippi Institute for Disability Studies will host free nutrition training for people with disabilities and their families in the Hattiesburg area on Thursday, Jan. 25. The training will be held from 1 p.m. – 2:30 p.m. at ...

B. Braun to Showcase Comprehensive Parenteral Nutrition Program, New Compounder and More at ASPEN - GlobeNewswire (press release)


B. Braun to Showcase Comprehensive Parenteral Nutrition Program, New Compounder and More at ASPEN
GlobeNewswire (press release)
BETHLEHEM, Pa., Jan. 18, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- With a keen focus on meeting patient and customer needs, B. Braun Medical Inc., a leader in customized parenteral nutrition, will feature the latest services and technology in its robust parenteral ...

and more »

OCO Nutrition Services Partners with Subaru To Benefit Meals on Wheels - Oswego Daily News


OCO Nutrition Services Partners with Subaru To Benefit Meals on Wheels
Oswego Daily News
As part of Share the Love OCO Nutrition Services held a number of activities and events at its dining and activity centers and beyond, including a Senior Giving Tree at Kinney Drug in Mexico, food drives, delivering Blizzard Bags and making holiday ...

Dog Dietician: Retired Yakima vet finds calling with dog nutrition - Yakima Herald-Republic


Yakima Herald-Republic

Dog Dietician: Retired Yakima vet finds calling with dog nutrition
Yakima Herald-Republic
Genetics and proper training play a key role in developing those traits, but Laughery, a retired veterinarian, has found nutrition for dogs often gets overlooked. “It has been a passion and in veterinary practice there are many problems that cannot be ...

Ann Grandjean, a pioneer in nutrition, spent years advising and rooting for Husker athletes - Lincoln Journal Star


Lincoln Journal Star

Ann Grandjean, a pioneer in nutrition, spent years advising and rooting for Husker athletes
Lincoln Journal Star
Ann Grandjean, a pioneering figure in the world of nutrition, has died. Grandjean was the founding director of the International Center for Sports Nutrition and director of the Center for Human Nutrition — both on the University of Nebraska Medical ...

Nutrition, not just for weight loss - Petoskey News-Review


Petoskey News-Review

Nutrition, not just for weight loss
Petoskey News-Review
A Southwest Grilled Chicken Salad at McDonald's contains 350 calories, not including dressing. If the salad is coupled with a small McCafe Caramel Macchiato, you add 260 calories. So, while the two fast food options of a burger or a salad are only 190 ...

ADM Animal Nutrition expands team of research and sales professionals - National Hog Farmer


ADM Animal Nutrition expands team of research and sales professionals
National Hog Farmer
ADM Animal Nutrition, a division of Archer Daniels Midland Company, is pleased to announce the addition of five new individuals to its growing team of experts. John Bowzer joins ADM Animal Nutrition as the lead research scientist in aquaculture. Bowzer ...

New faculty member targets research on maternal nutrition - AroundtheO


AroundtheO

New faculty member targets research on maternal nutrition
AroundtheO
Physiologist Elinor Sullivan wants to understand early childhood health through the lens of maternal health. Her research examines the influence of maternal nutrition and how other factors, such as the metabolic state of mothers during pregnancy ...

What's new in food and nutrition for 2018 - Seattle Times


Seattle Times

What's new in food and nutrition for 2018
Seattle Times
Vegetables have always been good for you, and there are very, very few paradigm shifts of the “everything you thought you knew about nutrition is wrong” sort. Very few. That said, here are six interesting shifts that may change how you shop and eat in ...

LargeFriends.com - the best dating site for plus-sized singles!
SuccessfulMatchCentral.com - the best dating site for plus-sized singles!

PreLaunchX

DietRight.biz Domain Is For Sale - $8,500 For Enquiries eMail Us

© www.DietRight.biz 2012

home | site map | links